Tradycja i nowoczesność we wzorach ról kobiecych w Polsce

  • Halina Sekuła-Kwaśniewicz


The article discusses the changes in models of women’s role including the period of actual
socialism and new socio-systematic reality after 1989. The main aim is to prove that
discrimination of women in the public sphere is generated by cultural factors, among which
the traditional model appears to be the most powerful. The author presents the evolution
of said model as a continuum constructed specifically for this very purpose. The continuum
takes the form of a trichotomy: traditional model – modernized model – contemporary
model. By extracting features most typical for each of the models mentioned she attempts to
show that they coexist and form diverse configurations and their common feature is a slow
departure from tradition limiting women’s activity to private sphere and approach in the
direction of modernity and full participation in public sphere. Professional activisation, civil
activity and participation in politics become the examples of modernity.